The clothes moth (Tineola bisselliella) is one of the most feared material pests. Its yellow-white larvae cause the actual damage to fabrics, furs and carpets. Above all clothing which has not been worn for some time is affected.
The clothes moth grows to about 4 to 9 mm long, and can easily be recognized from its shiny yellow front wings.
Another type of pest, the storage pest, is the food moth, such as the grain moth, which attacks stores of food. Their larvae eat round holes in grains of wheat, rice and maize. The larvae of the lead-grey flour moth (Ephestria kuehniella) also feed on flour products. Besides this they soil and spin webs on large quantities of food. A single female flour moth can lay 200 eggs up to four times per year.
Preventive measures and controls
- Never leave clothing damp and/or uncleaned for a lengthy period in a cupboard.
- Regularly vacuum-clean, brush or beat clothes.
- Regularly vacuum-clean infested wardrobes, and as a preventive measure vacuum-clean thoroughly at least twice a year.
- Lavender, cedar wood and ethereal oils are only of limited help. They may repel some of the moths, but they have no affect on the greedy larvae.
- Use insecticides
- Never store flour, grain, dough and pastry in damp conditions
- Thoroughly clean infested cupboards, including the shelves.
- Use Insecticides